1 (76) 2017
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ECONOMICS
Aivazov A.E., Belikov V.A. Formation of the integral world-economy system– the future of the international economy »»
Civilization waves which take place in the human history and economic basis of these waves are considered in the article. This economic basis consists in the formation, development and replacement of technological systems as well as in periodical technological revolutions. These technological revolutions lead to the changing paradigm of management, formation and replacement of the capital accumulation centers and to development and dislocation of the world-economy systems. These changes are at the bottom of the cyclical swings of the world economy described by the theory of “big cycles of economic conjuncture” which was developed by N.D. Kondratieff (K-cycles). Understanding of general patterns of K-cycles makes it possible to correctly assess the deep processes, which take place in the world economy. In this regard, the main trends of the world economy development are analyzed.
Kotliarov I.C. Atypical forms of economic activity: an attempt of economic nature analysis »»
Kotliarov Ivan C. – National Research University – Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg, Russia, email@example.com
There is no universal approach towards definition of the economic nature of hybrids within the economic science. The present paper contains a description of possible ways of this problem solution. The paper contains a description of three approaches towards the nature of hybrid structures. It is demonstrated that the ontological status of hybrids within these approaches is different. Classification of hybrids based on the criterion of composition of mechanism of coordination is given. The notion of metafirm is introduced. Metafirm is considered a generalization for the different types of economic structures. The list of criteria that can be used to distinguish hybrids and metafirms is proposed. It is demonstrated that metafirm helps its members to increase stability of their business and reduce uncertainty of external environment. An algorithm of metafirm formation is proposed.
Khabibullin R.I. Theory of collective enterprise: reloaded »»
Khabibullin Rifat I. – аssociate кesearcher, Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, Khabibullin16@gmail.com
The article presents the concept of collective enterprise (self-managed firm) and the principles of functioning of such organizations. The arguments of supporters and opponents of collective management are reviewed. It is noted that collective enterprises can solve such problems as an imbalance of interests of various participants in the proceedings and authoritarianism at the microeconomic level. Employees of collective enterprises demonstrate a higher level of involving in management processes. The main feature of the collective enterprise is not only the participation of employees in the company's capital, but also the real economic power of the labor collective. It requires qualitative corporate culture where the involvement of employees in management and business processes is very high.
ECONOMICAL POLICY AND ECONOMICAL PRACTICE
Tsvetkov V.A., Zoidov K.Kh., Medkov A.A. Public-private partnership in creation of joint ventures in the transport-transit system of Russia. Part 2 »»
Tsvetkov Valerii A. – Market Economy Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, firstname.lastname@example.org
The authors discuss the theoretical background and practical directions of development and realization of transit-transport potential (TTP) based on the application of the institute of public-private partnership (PPP) that should be considered in the broadest sense as all the other possible ways of interaction between government and business. Proven to enhance and the effective use of revenues from exports of transport and transit services requires the creation of a large public-private transport company, able to compete with the global Maritime container services on the route Asia – Europe.
Balaban Ye.I., Galchenko A.V., Tegin V.A. Price-metrics paradigm in economic forecasting »»
Balaban Elena I. – Kolomna Institute (branch) of the Moscow Polytechnic University, Kolomna, Russia, email@example.com
The paper describes the concept of a “price-metrics” analysis for a long-term and super long-term prognosis of the prices of high-technology material products, presented typical methodology, formulas and calculations charts. A formalization of the price criterion “expensive/cheap”. The results are based on econometric analysis of the 100-year-old retromassiva prices of hundreds of messages. Revealed important features of change over time in prices, such as the continuous growth rate of stability does not depend on the political and economic environment. Described clustered, multi-speed nature of the price increases for similar products segregated the two groups of countries: the “advanced” (the countries of the “golden billion”) and “developing” (“peripheral” countries of the world economy). 1933 is determined by the most plausible starting point of bifurcation in the growth of Unit Stake similar industrial products. Move forward to enter into separate supply military and civilian products. Additionally, the “price-metrics” method is considered a hypothetical modernization instrument of planned-market economy, targeting the optimal price determination in high-technology industrial sectors. Explanations and recommendations on implementation are given; advantages of the method are validated.
Biryukova O.V., Manuylov I.A. The development of production chains in the intraregional trade: lessons for the EEU »»
Biryukova Ol’ga V. – National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, Olga.Birjukova@mail.ru
The article is devoted to the development of global value chains within the regional economic integrations and to the successful experiences of these processes for the Eurasian integration. The development of production chains in the regional trade is possible under the conditions of the openness of the integration group for the international market and foreign direct capital, investment in the creation and development of the transportation systems, and the successive liberalization of tariff and customs restrictions. Using key economic indicators and trade data in terms of Trade in Value-Added (TiVA) produced by international organizations such as OECD, WTO and UNCTAD, the authors reveal the link between the trade policy and the involvement of countries in global value chains. The authors describe the opportunities of the development of production chains in the framework of Eurasian Economic Union, and what obstacles there are. For the analysis of openness of the Russian economy to the external market and assessing the involvement in global value chains the authors have also been used the elasticity of exports and imports. The article describes the industries in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union, which relatively successfully involved in the global fragmentation of production. As a result of the analysis, the authors identify the main directions of improvement of the foreign economic regulation of the EEU countries for their active participation in global value chains while maintaining the priorities in the field of economic integration. The main of them are – development of the tax system, the coordination of macroeconomic and trade policies, elimination of non-tariff restrictions among participating countries. Improvement of customs regulation is impossible without the adoption of the customs code of the Eurasian economic union, which has to regulate the registration and control of imports to the single customs territory. The active development of intra-regional production linkages requires technological division of labor on the basic phases of product creation that, in turn, reduces commodity specialization in the mutual trade.
Kondratova Yu.V. System analysis of the financial management at JSC “Russian Railways” »»
Kondratova Yuliya V. – Institute for Systems Analysis, Federal Research Center “Computer Science and Control” of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Significant changes in the economic, social and scientific and conditions for the activities of transport companies hut forward new demands on management of transport systems. Improving the reliability of the transport system operation should be adaptive to the environment, as well as provide efficient and stable operation of the railway transport. The implementation of the railway transport structural reform delivered to JSC “Russian Railways” new challenges. Under the conditions of economic globalization it is necessary to make greater use of the positive experience of the countries with the developed market economies, and adapt it to the Russian conditions. It is necessary to develop modern methodological approaches to the restructuring of the railway transport companies in order to improve financial management, reduce costs, prepare efficient cash flow budget and invest money and ensure competitiveness in the market conditions. One of the characteristics of today's business environment is the continuing uncertainty in the national economy, the changing conditions of the market of transport services and the strengthening of competition between the types of transport. Therefore, the problem to increase the efficiency of management of railway transport enterprises is of particular importance. The author used a systematic approach to determining the place of balance of payments in the JSC “Russian Railways” current financial management system, and provides suggestions for implementation improvement in the holdings.
Popov E.V., Semyachkov K.A., Simonova V.L. Intercountry analysis of factors of the industrial clustering »»
Popov Evgeny V. – Institute of Economics, The Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russia, email@example.com
The modern world economic system passes from production, industrial to a post-industrial method. Such changes mark formation of new technological way with the leading branches focused on high technologies. The capability of economic agents to integration and coordination of collateral actions for decrease in level of uncertainty, an effective exchange of resources, information as bases for implementation of technological, product, organizational improvements becomes a fundamental factor of competitiveness across the nation. In such conditions traditional forms of the organization are replaced with network forms as the most effective and adaptive. Development of the intercompany relations, increase in number and a variety of forms of the network organizations cause the necessity of search and an assessment of the factors influencing this process. The most important form of the network organization of business is industrial clusters. Their forming is connected with processes of integration of production and other organizations within the single territory for receipt of effective industrial structure of economy. Production enterprises and other organizations, joint in cluster, hold a steady position in the conditions of volatile market conditions at the expense of flexible cluster structure, synergy effect, economy on transactional expenses, to effective knowledge sharing and information. In article conditions of forming and effective functioning of cluster structures are considered. The special attention is paid to external factors of successful development, forming of the framework conditions of development of clusters. On the basis of data of the international statistics on development of cluster designs in the different countries of the world and using tools of statistical investigations, dependence between development of cluster designs and the external conditions promoting it a row is shown. On the basis of the received results recommendations about development of clusters are made.
NOTES AND LETTERS TO EDITOR
Storozhenko V.P. At the dawn of great prosperity era
Journal “Economics and Quality of Communication Systems”
Lemeshev M.Ya. – 90
IN MEMORY OF OUR COLLEAGUES
In memory of V.L. Malyshev